Occupational Health and Safety Practices
Occupational health and occupational safety, more commonly known as occupational safety management, occupational health and occupational security, is a multidisciplinary field concerned with occupational safety and health of persons in labor, office environment, industries, and other work situations. It includes the prevention of accidents, reduction of risks, preparation and maintenance of facilities for work, maintenance and repair of equipment, education and training of workers, development and implementation of safety systems, and protection of the workforce. Occupational health and safety laws were enacted by the US Secretary of Labor, who is responsible for the control of health and safety within the workplace. Occupational health and safety practices vary from state to state with regard to the implementation of occupational health and safety laws. The Occupational Health Wales based firm Insight Occupational Health can be a big help.
Occupational health and safety practices need to be strictly observed at all times by employers, employees, and their representatives. Industrialists are worried about their production as well as the welfare of their workforce; therefore, they have set up health and safety systems in their workplaces, which include accident prevention systems, disease detection system, emergency telephones, safe handling and storage of materials, ergonomics, proper lighting and ventilation, and other systems that will help in the worker’s health and welfare. Safety regulations for the workplace have been formulated based on international standards. OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration) and NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Hygiene and Safety) are two important organisations that regulate the health and safety policies of employers and employees. Both organisations offer training programs to the workers regarding these policies.
Occupational diseases can result from contact with harmful chemicals, ultraviolet radiation, or machinery, and also because of physical stress at the work place. Diseases caused by external factors include flu and other infectious diseases, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, chickenpox, shingles, and others. Diarrheic reactions, vomiting, nausea, and fever are common symptoms of these diseases. Prevention of these diseases and preventing illnesses before they happen are very important for the worker’s and the employers’ health and well-being.