Symptoms and Treatment of Hypoglycemia
The hypoglycemia syndrome is a result of having a low blood sugar with symptoms that disappear when the sugar level back to normal.
Usually hypoglycemia occurs in people receiving treatment for diabetes type 1 and type 2 , in people with diabetes who have insulin resistance, and sometimes by insulin production in tumors – insulin and due to certain medicines.
The normal range of glucose in blood is 70-100 mg./dl when the individual is fasting.
The first set of symptoms of hypoglycemia are called adrenergic receptors, because they relate to the response of the nervous hypoglycemia system, and patients may experience symptoms such as nervousness, sweating, intense hunger, trembling, weakness, palpitations, and difficulty speaking.
If a person does not want or can not eat something to raise your blood glucose, the glucose levels continue to decline , and patients progress to ranges where the brain is not getting enough glucose, resulting in symptoms of hypoglycemia such as confusion, sleepiness , Changes in behavior, seizures, and coma.
Treatment of hypoglycemia
The acute treatment of hypoglycemia involves the rapid consumption of a source of easily absorbed sugar as soft drinks, juices, candy, table sugar, and other similar options; generally they take about 15 grams of glucose 1 1/2 tablespoons , followed by an assessment of symptoms and an examination of blood glucose. If after 10 minutes there is no improvement , you can take another 10-15 grams can be repeated up to three times if the patient does not back this treat low blood sugar , is considered unresponsive to therapy, you should ask help Urgently.
Once the episode of hypoglycemia acute has been treated, it must consume a healthy long – acting carbohydrate to keep sugar in appropriate ranges.
With a history of recurrent episodes, the first step of treating hypoglycemia is to assess whether hypoglycemia is related to drugs or insulin treatment to adjust the dose correctly .